1. The fungal mycotoxins are secondary metabolite and thus start infesting feed once the fungus start growing whenever the favorable condition is prevailed thus pre-formed myxotoxins are present in the feed before a mycotoxin inhibitor is mixed at the level of feed miller. Thus a mold inhibitor can only affect fungus, but, it can’t affect already present mycotoxin in the feed.


  1. The level of mould inhibitors mixed in the feed is limited to a certain percentage of feed and may affect the feed quality adversely, if used in higher quantity. Thus funguses, if present in higher quantity continue producing toxins leading to high level of toxin in the feed.


  1. The mycotoxin binders are specific and cannot bind all toxins. Moreover, the prevalent toxin binder (HSCAS) is more limited to binding of aflatoxin thus leaving other toxins largely unaffected. Secondly, there is a threshold capacity of specific binder to bind aflatoxin thus even a minuscule quantity of toxin that enter body system causes production losses and immunosuppression.


  1. No level of mycotoxin in the feed is safe.


  1. No present approach is complete/comprehensive, as it doesn’t neutalize/tackle/transform mycotoxin inside the body system.


Therefore, currently available solutions do not provide the complete safety from Mycotoxins.  The reasons are:

1.      The mold inhibitor does not take care of the toxin, which has already been produced in the feed.

2.      The toxin binder (HSCAS)* has a maximum capacity to bind with toxin that ranges between 80-85%. Therefore, some quantity of AFB1 invariably reaches liver where it is to be detoxified effectively.

3.      HSCAS do not take care of other mycotoxins besides AFB1

4.      The agent like Charcoal also binds valuable nutrient present in the feed.

5.      No measures to take care of body system against damage.